Wiener Werkstätte Movement
A little over a century ago, in the Austrian capital of Vienna, architect Josef Hoffmann and his artist friend Koloman Moser founded a production company of traditional artisans and craftsman known as the Wiener Werkstätte. Translated as “Viennese Workshops,” it centralized the manufacture of craft-based decorative arts, such as metalwork, leatherwork, bookbinding, woodworking, and painting. Resisting mass production, they made jewellery, postcards, ceramics, enamel, leather goods, and more, and the movement attracted some of the most brilliant minds of the era. The Wiener Werkstätte was a key organization for the development of modernism, standing on the threshold between traditional methods of manufacture and a distinctly avant-garde aesthetic.